What was the impact of the Spanish Civil War?
It resulted in great loss of life, much human suffering, disruption of the society and the economy, distortion and repression in cultural affairs, and truncation of the country’s political development.
How did the independence movement lead to the Spanish Civil War?
Labor unrest was widespread in the early 1930s, and the election of February 16, 1936, brought to power a leftist Popular Front government. Fascist and extreme-right forces responded in July 1936 with an army mutiny and coup attempt that expanded into a civil war.
What caused the Spanish Civil War to break out quizlet?
As the Republican government started to prioritize the army less, both financially and in its areas of use, the military grew more and more unhappy with the government. Eventually, this discontent would lead to the military uprising which started in Morocco and spread to Spain, starting the Spanish Civil War.
Who were the two sides in the Spanish Civil War?
Spain quickly erupted into civil war. The left side, known as the Republicans, was formed by the Spanish government together with unions, communists, anarchists, workers, and peasants. On the other side were the Nationalists, the rebel part of the army, the bourgeoisie, the landlords, and, generally, the upper classes.
Who won the Spanish Civil War and why?
Ultimately, the Nationalist party achieved victory after capturing Madrid. As a result, a dictatorship ruled the country for nearly 40 years after the war was over.
Which countries were involved in the Spanish Civil War?
The international response to the Spanish Civil War included many non-Spaniards participating in combat and advisory positions. The governments of Italy, Germany and, to a lesser extent, Portugal contributed money, munitions, manpower and support to the Nationalist forces, led by Francisco Franco.
What advantages did Nationalists have over Republicans in the Spanish Civil War?
Terms in this set (10)
What advantages did Nationalists have over Republicans in the Spanish Civil War? Nationalists were led by the military and had a well-trained professional army.
Who provoked the Spanish Civil War?
On July 18, 1936, troops under the leadership of General Francisco Franco began an uprising against the democratically elected government of Spain. This revolt quickly escalated into a civil war. The Spanish Civil War is sometimes called a prelude to World War II.
What were the causes and effects of the Spanish war?
The immediate cause of the Spanish-American War was Cuba’s struggle for independence from Spain. Newspapers in the United States printed sensationalized accounts of Spanish atrocities in Cuba, fueling humanitarian concerns.
Who was Francisco Franco quizlet?
Franco led the Fascists, fighting republican forces. In 1939, the Fascist forces won (with help from Italy and Germany). Franco ruled until his death in 1975. He was the commander of the Pacific Fleet during WW2, and he was the man who directed the U.S. victories at Midway, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa.
What foreign countries were involved in the Spanish Civil War quizlet?
What foreign countries were involved in the Spanish Civil War? Germany and Italy helped Spain.
How were different foreigners involved in the Spanish Civil War?
The International Brigades were made up of volunteers who came to Spain from all over the world to support the Republicans. Many came in order to stop the spread of fascism in Europe, others came to support the rise of communism or socialism.
Did foreigners fight in the Spanish Civil War?
Of the roughly 35,000 foreign volunteers who fought in the Spanish Civil War from 1936 to 1939, an estimated 5,000 to 6,000 were killed and thousands more were recorded as missing. They paid the ultimate sacrifice for their ideals, but in the end it wasn’t enough.
Why did the Latin American wars of independence happen?
The immediate trigger of the conflict was Napoleon’s invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) in 1807 and 1808, but its roots also lay in the growing discontent of creole elites (people of Spanish ancestry who had been born in Latin America) with the restrictions imposed by Spanish imperial rule.
Why did the Nationalists win the Spanish Civil War?
Political cost of Foreign Intervention
The Nationalists received far better military equipment from Italy and Germany than the Republicans did from the Soviet Union but the political impact of foreign intervention was also important.
What was the outcome of the Spanish Revolution?
Spanish Revolution of 1936
|Methods||Work place collectivization; political assassination|
|Resulted in||Suppressed after ten-month period.|
What happened to the Republicans after the Spanish Civil War?
When the Spanish Civil War ended in 1939, with Franco’s victory, some 500,000 Spanish Republicans escaped to France, where many were placed in internment camps in the south, such as Gurs, St. Cyprien, and Les Milles.
What was the result of the Spanish Civil War quizlet?
The Outcome of the war: The rebel victory began a dictatorship which lasted until Franco’s death in 1975. Spain then made a bloodless transition to democracy with a new constitution adopted in 1978.