What is a prisoner of conscience amnesty?
Amnesty International considers a Prisoner of Conscience (POC) to be any person imprisoned or otherwise physically restricted (like house arrest), solely because of his/her political, religious or other conscientiously held beliefs, their ethnic origin, sex, color, language, national or social origin, economic status,
Who are the prisoner of conscience list?
Artists, bloggers, community activists, dissidents, journalists, human rights activists, lawyers, labor leaders, teachers, religious leaders, and members of religious communities are among the prisoners of conscience found around the world today.
What is the main function and objective of Amnesty International?
The main objective of Amnesty International is to conduct rigorous research and initiate measures to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights and to provide justice for the deprived section of the community.
Who first used the term of prisoners of conscience?
…Peter Benenson coined the term prisoner of conscience to describe two Portuguese students who had been sentenced to seven-year prison terms for their alleged “crime”—making a simple toast to freedom in spite of the dictatorial government of António de Oliveira Salazar that was in power at the time.
What is meaning of prisoner of conscience?
A prisoner of conscience (POC) is anyone imprisoned because of their race, sexual orientation, religion, or political views. The term also refers to those who have been imprisoned or persecuted for the nonviolent expression of their conscientiously held beliefs.
What is the prisoners of conscience appeal?
The charity provides practical and financial support to transform the lives of prisoners of conscience – people who have exercised a, non-violent, act of conscience to uphold their or others’ human rights and consequently suffered persecution.
What are Level 5 prisoners?
5. Administrative. This special class of prison encompasses other types of institutions designed to house inmates with special considerations, such as those who are chronically ill, extremely dangerous or a high-escape risk.
Who was the most famous prisoner?
He was returned to prison in 1988 after being convicted of planning another robbery. He is known as a violent inmate, and has taken numerous hostages in the course of confrontations with guards, resulting in his sentence later being changed to life imprisonment.
Charles Bronson (prisoner)
|Criminal penalty||Life imprisonment|
Who is the angel of prisons?
Elizabeth (Betsy) Fry
Elizabeth (Betsy) Fry (21 May 1780 – 12 October 1845), née Gurney, was an English prison reformer, social reformer and, as a Quaker, a Christian philanthropist. She has sometimes been referred to as the “angel of prisons”.
What is the concept of amnesty?
amnesty, in criminal law, sovereign act of oblivion or forgetfulness (from Greek amnēsia) for past acts, granted by a government to persons who have been guilty of crimes. It is often conditional upon their return to obedience and duty within a prescribed period.
What does amnesty mean in court?
grant a pardon
Amnesty is to grant a pardon to those who have committed an offense. Under immigration law, is a governmental pardon for a person or group of persons who violated policies related to immigration.
What is criminal amnesty?
It refers to a grant of forgiveness for a past criminal offence by a sovereign power, usually for an offence committed against the state (such as treason, sedition, or rebellion). Normally, amnesty is exercised in favour of individuals who may stand trial but have not yet been convicted.
- How many British prisoners of war were taken by the Wehrmacht and how many died?
- What happened to Soviet POWs taken by non-German armies on WW2 Eastern front?
- Protected Merchant Ships in WWII used for the relocation of Prisoners of War
- Prisons and prison laws in Old Testament times?
- Does a reputation for cruelty to PoWs give a tactical advantage?
- Did medieval ransom taking have agents?
- Was it Stalin behind the idea of universal elections in the USSR?