Evidence of Iron Age migrations into India (1000-600)

What is the evidence of Iron Age?

Modern archaeological evidence identifies the start of large-scale iron production in around 1200 BC, marking the end of the Bronze Age. Between 1200 BC and 1000 BC diffusion in the understanding of iron metallurgy and the use of iron objects was fast and far-flung.

What was the impact of Iron Age in India?

The beginning of the use of iron has been traditionally associated with the eastward migration of the later Vedic people, who are also considered as an agency which revolutionised material culture particularly in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Which period is known as Iron Age in India?

India’s Iron Age emerged in an era of transition known as the Vedic period, lasting from approximately 1500 to 600 BCE. The Vedic period covers both the end of the Bronze Age following the collapse of the Harappan civilization around 1400 CE and the start of the Iron Age.

How did the discovery of iron leads to the spread of civilization in India?

The use of equipment such as iron axe was used for cutting forests and expanding the area under agriculture. Increasing agriculture supported more population and helped the civilization to grow. Development of trade and commerce activities was very central to the development of later Vedic civilization.

Why was the Iron Age important?

The Iron Age is significant to human history because it helped lead civilizations to more permanent settlements and forever revolutionized human tools, weaponry, and innovation.

What are the two famous Iron Age cultures of North India?

The Black and Red Ware Culture (BRW) is a late Bronze Age Indian and early Iron Age Indian archaeological culture, associated with the Indus Valley Civilisation and South India.

Who used iron first in India?

The central Indian region seems to be the earliest iron-using centre. According to Tewari, iron using and iron “was prevalent in the Central Ganga Plain and the Eastern Vindhyas from the early 2nd millennium BC.” The earliest evidence for smelted iron in India dates to 1300 to 1000 BCE.

Where did the Iron Age start?

Its date and context varies depending on the country or geographical region. Classically, the Iron Age is taken to begin in the 12th century BC in the ancient Near East, ancient Greece (with the Greek Dark Ages), and ancient India (with the post- Rigvedic Vedic civilization).

How did the Iron Age begin?

The Iron Age began at varying times in different civilizations. Mycenaean Greece collapsed around 1200 BCE, which archaeologists believe was caused by severe droughts in the eastern Mediterranean region. The Iron Age was thought to have begun a few years after the so-called Greek Dark Ages.

What are the evidences for the growing use of iron tools?

The use of iron tools in subcontinent saw an increase around 2500 years ago. These tools included axes for clearing forests and the iron ploughshare. Iron ploughshare was used to increase agricultural production.

How did the discovery of iron help in the progress of the civilization?

The production of iron tools helped make the farming process easier and more efficient. Farmers could plow tougher soil, making it possible to harvest new crops and freeing time for more leisure. New varieties of crops and livestock were introduced at different times over the span of the Iron Age.

What changes did the discovery of iron bring about?

After a few thousand years, man discovered iron, which was stronger than copper. From iron, he developed a variety of tools and weapons such as axes, ploughs, sickles, shovels, spears, etc. Now he could cut trees, till the land and kill big animals easily. He made stronger and bigger wheels for the carts.

Which period is known as Iron Age?

The Iron Age was a period in human history that started between 1200 B.C. and 600 B.C., depending on the region, and followed the Stone Age and Bronze Age. During the Iron Age, people across much of Europe, Asia and parts of Africa began making tools and weapons from iron and steel.

Where was iron first discovered?

Archeologists believe that iron was discovered by the Hittites of ancient Egypt somewhere between 5000 and 3000 BCE. During this time, they hammered or pounded the metal to create tools and weapons. They found and extracted it from meteorites and used the ore to make spearheads, tools and other trinkets.

When did the Iron Age end?

800 BC. It is taken to end with the beginning of Classical Antiquity, in about the 6th century BC, although in Northern Europe, the Germanic Iron Age is taken to last until the beginning of the Viking Age, c. AD 800.

What was the impact of Alexander’s invasion on India?

Alexander’s invasion destroyed the power of the small north-western states. This enabled Chandragupta Maurya to expand his territories in this region and ultimately helped in the process of the political unification of India under the Mauryas.

How did the use of iron help the Aryans?

The iron tools that the Aryans used included axes for clearing forests, and the iron ploughshare. The ploughshare was useful for increasing agricultural production. This meant that heavy, clayey soil could be turned over better than with a wooden ploughshare, so that more grain could be produced.

When was iron first used in India UPSC?

The earliest known use of iron dates back to around 3000 BC – 2500 BC.



Related Links
UPSC Syllabus IAS Topper
Comprehensive daily news analysis UPSC FAQ

Who used iron for the first time in India?

Recent excavations in Middle Ganges Valley show iron working in India may have begun as early as 1800 BCE. In the 5th century BCE, the Greek historian Herodotus observed that “Indian and the Persian army used arrows tipped with iron.” Ancient Romans used armour and cutlery made of Indian iron.

Which period is known as Iron Age?

The Iron Age was a period in human history that started between 1200 B.C. and 600 B.C., depending on the region, and followed the Stone Age and Bronze Age. During the Iron Age, people across much of Europe, Asia and parts of Africa began making tools and weapons from iron and steel.