In 431 BC, the service of 200
What things cost in ancient Greece?
The typical costs of goods in ancient Greece: A loaf of bread = 1 obol. A lamb = 8 drachmas. A gallon of olive oil = 5 drachmas. A pair of shoes = 8 drachmas.
How much did a Greek ship weigh?
Archaeological remains of boathouses, most notably at Piraeus, indicate that the maximum length of the ship would have been around 37 m with a beam of 6 m. They measured about 4 m from deck to keel and may have weighed as much as 50 tons.
How long did it take the Greeks to build a ship?
The construction of a trireme was expensive and required around 6,000 man-days of labour to complete. The ancient Mediterranean practice was to build the outer hull first, and the ribs afterwards.
Did ancient Greeks use ships?
The Greek ships primarily used oars to ensure faster movement of the vessel in the water. However, there was a basic distinction that only warships used oars while the ships used as merchant navy vessels had sails. The Greek ships used for the purpose of war were referred to as Pentekonters.
How much did it cost to build a trireme?
In 483-410 BC Athens commissioned 1,500 triremes at a cost of 15,000 talents or 90 million drachmae.
How many men were on a Greek ship?
A trireme was an Ancient Greek warship. They were the fastest, deadliest ships in the ancient world. They were called “triremes” because they had three tiers of oars. Soldiers stood on deck, while 170 oarsmen sat below.
How did the Greeks build boats?
Shipbuilding. Most ancient ships were made from wood. Shipbuilders began with the keel, which is a strong beam of wood that runs the length of the ship’s bottom and provides the main support for the vessel. They then constructed the outer shell of the ship with planks raised up from the keel.
What did Greek ships look like?
What Did They Look Like? Most of the Greek ships were around 100 feet to 115 feet long. Some of them were covered in brass so that they would be strong in case there was a war. The ships were made of wood and were usually about the same size.
Why did Greek ships have eyes?
Evidence for the function of ship eyes in Greek literature shows that the eyes of ships primarily served to mark the presence of a supernatural consciousness that guided the ship and helped it to avoid hazards.
What sea did the Greeks sail on?
Greek ships, whatever their purpose, were powered by sails and oarsmen. They were built to turn briskly and move rapidly through the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. Before ships left harbor, Greek sailors prayed to the sea god Poseidon to keep them safe.
What did Ancient Greek sailors wear?
Clothing for both women and men consisted of two main garments—a tunic (either a peplos or chiton) and a cloak (himation). The peplos was simply a large rectangle of heavy fabric, usually wool, folded over along the upper edge so that the overfold (apoptygma) would reach to the waist.
Did Spartans have ships?
Sparta ordered one hundred ships for the purpose, twenty-five of which were to be provided by the Spartans themselves [Thuc. 8.3]. This is the first recorded occasion on which it can be said that Sparta intended to build a navy.
How much could a trireme carry?
A trireme had as many as 170 strong men pulling up to 170 oars. To fit so many oars on one ship, the Greeks stacked the rowers on three levels. This is where we get the term trireme, which means three oarers (or rowers).
Did ancient Greece have a navy?
The Greek navy functioned much like the ancient Greek army. Several similarities existed between them, suggesting that the mindset of the Greeks flowed naturally between the two forms of fighting. The Greeks’ success on land easily translated onto the sea.
How were ancient ships built?
Ancient Boat building methods can be categorized as one of hide, log, sewn, lashed-plank, clinker (and reverse-clinker), shell-first, and frame-first. While the frame-first technique dominates the modern ship construction industry, the ancients relied primarily on the other techniques to build their watercraft.
How long did it take to build a ship?
A typical commercial ship takes NASSCO about three years to complete, including roughly 12 to 16 months of detailed design and planning.
Who invented first ship?
Egyptians were among the earliest ship builders. The oldest pictures of boats that have ever been found are Egyptian, on vases and in graves. These pictures, at least 6000 years old, show long, narrow boats. They were mostly made of papyrus reeds and rowed using paddles.