Is there an historical example for the possibility of peaceful resolution of Kashmir conflict?



What is the history behind the conflict and dispute over Kashmir?

The conflict started after the partition of India in 1947 as both India and Pakistan claimed the entirety of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a dispute over the region that escalated into three wars between India and Pakistan and several other armed skirmishes.

How many resolution did the UN pass regarding Kashmir problem?





Through its mediation, the Commission amplified and amended the Security Council Resolution, adopting two resolutions of its own, which were accepted by both India and Pakistan.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 47.

UN Security Council 47
Date 21 April 1948
Meeting no. 286
Code S/726 (Document)
Subject The India–Pakistan Question

What is Kashmir resolution?

United Nations Security Council Resolution 39, adopted on January 20, 1948, offered to assist in the peaceful resolution of the Kashmir Conflict by setting up a commission of three members; one to be chosen by India, one to be chosen by Pakistan and the third to be chosen by the other two members of the commission.

What is the history of Jammu and Kashmir?

The princely state was created after the First Anglo-Sikh War, from the territories that had earlier been in the Sikh Empire.
Jammu and Kashmir (princely state)

Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu
History
• Princely state established 1846
• First Kashmir War 22 October 1947
• Accession to the Indian Union 26–27 October 1947

Is Kashmir dispute resolved?

The resolution was accepted by India but effectively rejected by Pakistan. The Indian government considered itself to be under legal possession of Jammu and Kashmir by virtue of the accession of the state.

Who sold Kashmir to India?





Under the terms of the Treaty of Amritsar that followed in March 1846, the British government sold Kashmir for a sum of 7.5 million Nanakshahee rupees to Gulab Singh, hereafter bestowed with the title of Maharaja.

Who owns Kashmir today?

Current status and political divisions. India has control of about half the area of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, which comprises Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, while Pakistan controls a third of the region, divided into two provinces, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

What is the history of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir?

Creation of Pakistan administered Jammu & Kashmir. At the time of the Partition of India in 1947, the British abandoned their suzerainty over the princely states, which were left with the options of joining India or Pakistan or remaining independent.

How old is Kashmir history?

Thus, the Kashmir region in its contemporary form dates from 1846, when, by the treaties of Lahore and Amritsar at the conclusion of the First Sikh War, Raja Gulab Singh, the Dogra ruler of Jammu, was created maharaja (ruling prince) of an extensive but somewhat ill-defined Himalayan kingdom “to the eastward of the



What is the history of Article 370?

Article 370 was drafted in Part XXI of the Indian constitution titled “Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions”. It stated that the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir would be empowered to recommend the extent to which the Indian constitution would apply to the state.

Does Article 370 still exist?

Government approach
In April 2018, the Supreme Court of India ruled that Article 370 had attained permanency since the state constituent assembly has ceased to exist. To overcome this legal challenge, the Indian government instead rendered Article 370 as ‘inoperative’ even though it still exists in the constitution.

Is Kashmir safe to visit?

Tourists are absolutely safe in Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir is one of the states where there is zero crime record against tourists. The locals are very supportive and helpful towards tourists.

Is Kashmiri a language?

Kashmiri language, language spoken in the Vale of Kashmir and the surrounding hills. By origin it is a Dardic language, but it has become predominantly Indo-Aryan in character. Reflecting the history of the area, the Kashmiri vocabulary is mixed, containing Dardic, Sanskrit, Punjabi, and Persian elements.



How many UN resolutions are there?

Last Updated: Mar 23, 2022 Views: 80631. Resolutions and decisions are formal expressions of the opinion or will of UN organs. Many types of resolutions on a broad range of topics have been adopted by the principal organs and their subsidiaries since the establishment of the organization in 1945.

Are Chapter VI UN Security Council resolutions binding on countries?

Nature of resolutions under Chapter VI. There is a general agreement among legal scholars outside the organization that resolutions made under Chapter VI (Pacific Settlement of Disputes) are not legally enforceable, although this does not preclude them being described as legally binding.

What is Article 370 and why does it matter in Kashmir?

Article 370 was drafted in Part XXI of the Indian constitution titled “Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions”. It stated that the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir would be empowered to recommend the extent to which the Indian constitution would apply to the state.

Was there a plebiscite in Kashmir?

The Front called for a plebiscite or referendum to be held under the auspices of the United Nations, to decide the issue of sovereignty over Jammu and Kashmir. Sheikh Abdullah’s demand for a plebiscite led to the boycotting of state elections in the 1960s by large numbers of the state’s population.

What is difference between referendum and plebiscite?

Authorities plebiscite: Also known as a legislative referrals, are initiated by the legislature or government. These may be advisory questions to gauge public opinion or binding questions of law. Initiative referendum: A citizen-led process to propose and vote on new laws.



Who ruled Kashmir before 1947?

For the next five centuries, Muslim monarchs ruled Kashmir, including the Mughal Empire, who ruled from 1586 until 1751, and the Afghan Durrani Empire, which ruled from 1747 until 1819. That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir.

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