Organizing the 1788 presidential and congressional elections

What was the electoral vote in 1788?

All 69 electors cast one vote for Washington, making his election unanimous. Adams won 34 electoral votes and the vice presidency. The remaining 35 electoral votes were split among 10 candidates, including John Jay, who finished third with nine electoral votes.

When was the first presidential election?

On September 13, 1788, the Confederation Congress passed an election ordinance, which set the date for choosing electors (January 7, 1789), electing the president (February 4, 1789), and beginning the new government under the Constitution (March 4, 1789).

Who was the first president elected by Congress?

The United States elections of 1788–1789 were the first federal elections in the United States following the ratification of the United States Constitution in 1788. In the elections, George Washington was elected as the first president and the members of the 1st United States Congress were selected.

Who is responsible for electing the president?

Electoral College. In other U.S. elections, candidates are elected directly by popular vote. But the president and vice president are not elected directly by citizens. Instead, they are chosen by “electors” through a process called the Electoral College.

Who was allowed to vote in the 1789 election?

Originally under the Constitution, only white male citizens over the age of 21 were eligible to vote.

How many political parties were there in 1788?

It featured two national parties competing for control of the presidency, Congress, and the states: the Federalist Party, created largely by Alexander Hamilton, and the rival Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, usually called at the time the Republican Party (which is

Who started the presidential?

President of the United States

President of the United States of America
Constituting instrument Constitution of the United States
Formation March 4, 1789
First holder George Washington
Salary 400,000 United States dollars per year

Who was the first president without election?

Nixon formally resigned on August 9, making Ford the first President of the United States who had not been elected as either president or vice president. Immediately after taking the oath of office in the East Room of the White House, Ford spoke to the assembled audience in a speech broadcast live to the nation.

Which president won by 1 vote?

Use It. In 1800 – Thomas Jefferson was elected President by one vote in the House of Representatives after a tie in the Electoral College.

What was the original electoral system?

Under the original plan, each elector cast two votes for president; electors did not vote for vice president. Whoever received a majority of votes from the electors would become president, with the person receiving the second most votes becoming vice president.

Who was eligible to vote in the United States in 1790?

The Naturalization Act of 1790 allows people born outside the United States to become citizens with the right to vote if they are free white persons of good character, having lived in the United States for two (2) years.

What was the election of the 1800s?

In what is sometimes called the “Revolution of 1800”, the Democratic-Republican candidate, Vice President Thomas Jefferson, defeated the Federalist Party candidate, incumbent president John Adams. The election was a political realignment that ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republican leadership.

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