What does aircraft identification mean?
Pilots and ground personnel use the phonetic alphabet to help them understand each other. In addition, all airplanes must have an identification number. This is much like an automobile license tag. Each number starts with a letter to identify the country.
How are planes identified?
All commercial aircraft are equipped with transponders (an abbreviation of “transmitter responder”), which automatically transmit a unique four-digit code when they receive a radio signal sent by radar.
How do I identify a military plane?
In the United States, all military aircraft display a serial number to identify individual aircraft. These numbers are located on the aircraft tail, so they are sometimes referred to unofficially as “tail numbers”. On the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit bomber, lacking a tail, the number appears on the nose gear door.
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