Primary annalistic sources for ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

What is a primary source from ancient Mesopotamia?

Art images are primary sources: paintings, pottery, coins, statues and so on can provide important evidence.

What are some primary sources for ancient Egypt?

Primary Source Originals

  • The Flood Tablet – Epic of Gilgamesh.
  • Enuma Elish – Babylonian Creation Myth.
  • The Teaching of Merikare- Carlsburg Papyrus.
  • The Cyrus Cylinder – Achaemenid Empire Decree.
  • The Code of Hammurabi – Babylonian Law Decree.
  • Egyptian Book of the Dead – Funerary Text.
  • The Flood Tablet – Epic of Gilgamesh.

What was the primary source of agriculture in ancient Egypt?

The staple crops of ancient Egypt were emmer (a wheat-grain), chickpeas and lentils, lettuce, onions, garlic, sesame, wheat, barley, papyrus, flax, the castor oil plant, and – during the period of the New Kingdom (c. 1570-1069 BCE) at Thebes – the opium poppy.

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