Specialization of labor among the ancient Maya

What was the Mayan job specialization?

They were tasked with conducting religious ceremonies and making sure religion was everyone’s main focus. Not only did they teach religion, but they also were expected to teach noble children about astronomy, mathematics, medicine, and literacy.

What type of economic system did the Mayans have?

The Mayan economy was largely based on food and agriculture, this form is the same as the other earlier civil countries, like China and Egypt. Farming was the main labor resources, and usually consisted of men.

What was the most common job for the Mayans?

Because the Maya depended on agriculture for food and for trade, most commoners were farmers during the growing season. Once crops were harvested, farmers often went to work building the pyramids and temples found in their beautiful cities.

What was the main economic activity of Mayans?

Basic agriculture — mostly production of corn, beans, and squash — was the daily task of the majority of the Maya population. Using basic slash-and-burn agriculture, Maya families would plant a series of fields which would be allowed to lie fallow at times.

How did the Mayans make money?

The ancient Maya never used coins as money. Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.

What did the Mayans use to trade?

The Maya used several different mediums of exchange and in the trading of food commodities, the barter system was typically used for large orders. Cacao beans were used for everyday exchange in Postclassic times. For more expensive purchases gold, jade and copper were used as a means of exchange.

What type jobs Did the Maya have?

The varying positions of the Mayan people included government figureheads and officials, priests, professionals, merchants, farmers, artists, and

Did the Mayans use slaves?

The Maya had a system of serfdom and slavery. Serfs typically worked lands that belonged to the ruler or local town leader. There was an active slave trade in the Maya region, and commoners and elites were both permitted to own slaves.

What jobs did the Mayans have for kids?

The job of a child was to help their parents. By the time a child turned 4 or 5, they were given daily jobs to do, so they would learn how to be a farmer or a farmer’s wife. If a parent had a specialized profession, such as a artist, the boys learned that skill, even if they had no talent for it.

Who did the Maya trade with and what did they trade?

Besides the trade route on land, important maritime trade took place as well. The Tainos of the Caribbean island of Cuba and the Quechua from South America traded with the Maya for cacao beans. Large trading canoes that held up to 20 people as well as a significant amount of trade goods traveled up and down the coasts.

What farming method did the Mayans use How does it work?

The Maya created arable land by using a “slash-and-burn” technique to clear the forests. They planted maize and secondary crops such as beans, squash, and tobacco. In the highlands to the west, they terraced the slopes on mountainsides; in the lowlands, they cleared the jungle for planting.

What was a major development of the Mayan civilization?

Guided by their religious ritual, the Maya also made significant advances in mathematics and astronomy, including the use of the zero and the development of complex calendar systems like the Calendar Round, based on 365 days, and later, the Long Count Calendar, designed to last over 5,000 years.

What type of economy did the Aztecs have?

Aztecs. The Aztec economy was based on agriculture and trade. Agriculture provided a great variety of fruits and vegetables, such as tomatoes, chili peppers, pumpkins, and beans, necessary to feed the high number of inhabitants in the empire.

Did the Mayans pay taxes?

Commoners had to pay taxes in order to support the king and the nobles. Men also had to serve as warriors when the king commanded. The Maya nobles were also subject to the law.

What did Mayans value?

The Maya believed deeply in the cyclical nature of life – nothing was ever `born’ and nothing ever `died’ – and this belief inspired their view of the gods and the cosmos. Their cosmological views, in turn, encouraged their imaginative efforts in architecture, mathematics, and astronomy.

Did the Mayans use slaves?

The Maya had a system of serfdom and slavery. Serfs typically worked lands that belonged to the ruler or local town leader. There was an active slave trade in the Maya region, and commoners and elites were both permitted to own slaves.

What kind of society did the Mayans have?

Within each Maya kingdom, society was organized hierarchically, including kings, nobles, teachers, scribes, warriors, architects, administrators, craftsmen, merchants, labourers, and farmers. Besides the capital, outlying subsidiary sites ranged from sizeable towns down to hamlets and extended-family farming compounds.