Third Reich? What were the other two?

Moeller’s “Third Reich” referred to two previous Germanic Empires: Charlemagne’s medieval Frankish Empire and the German Empire under the Prussian Hohenzollern dynasty (1871-1918).

What were the other two Reichs?

He defined the Holy Roman Empire (800–1806) as the “First Reich”, the German Empire (1871–1918) as the “Second Reich”, while the “Third Reich” was a postulated ideal state including all German people, including Austria.

What were the Second and Third Reich?

The first series is that of the three German empires: the Holy Roman Empire of the German People, which formally lasted until 1806, was considered the First Reich; the German Empire, which lasted from 1871 to 1918, was the Second Reich; while the Third Reich was the empire that the Nazis aspired to set up.

What were the first 2 German Reichs?

The Holy Roman Empire was the first of three Reichs in German history. The second was the Hohenzollerns’ formidable, Prussian- dominated empire forged by Bismarck out of victory in the Franco-Prussian War.

What was the 2nd Reich called?

German Empire, also called Second Reich, historical empire founded on January 18, 1871, in the wake of three short, successful wars by the North German state of Prussia.

What countries were Prussia?

Prussia

Prussia Preußen (German) Prūsa (Prussian)
• 1939 41,915,040
Currency Reichsthaler (until 1750) Prussian thaler (1750–1857) Vereinsthaler (1857–1873) German gold mark (1873–1914) German Papiermark (1914–1923) Reichsmark (1924–1947)
Today part of Germany Poland Lithuania Russia Denmark Czech Republic Belgium

When did Prussia become Germany?

In 1871, Germany unified into a single country, minus Austria and Switzerland, with Prussia the dominant power. Prussia is considered the legal predecessor of the unified German Reich (1871–1945) and as such a direct ancestor of today’s Federal Republic of Germany.

How many German Reichs were there?

The history of the nation-state known as the German Reich is commonly divided into three periods: German Empire (1871–1918) Weimar Republic (1918–1933) Nazi Germany (1933–1945)

What does the word Reich mean?

empire

Definition of Reich



: realm : empire : kingdom.

When was the Second Reich?

The Second Reich: The German Empire (1871–1918)



Between 1862 and 1871, this great Prussian politician used a combination of persuasion, strategy, skill, and outright warfare to create a German Empire dominated by Prussia, and ruled by the Kaiser (who had very little to do with the creation of the empire he would rule).

What was Germany called before Germany?

Altreich

After the Anschluss, the previous territory of Germany was called Altreich (old Reich).

What were the kings of Germany called?

German Emperor

The German Emperor (German: Deutscher Kaiser, pronounced [ˌdɔɪ̯t͡ʃɐ ˈkaɪ̯zɐ] ( listen)) was the official title of the head of state and hereditary ruler of the German Empire.

Who led the Second Reich?

German Empire

German Empire Deutsches Reich
• 1888–1918 Wilhelm II
Chancellor
• 1871–1890 Otto von Bismarck
• 1890-1894 Leo von Caprivi

What is Aryan race?

The Aryan race is an obsolete historical race concept that emerged in the late-19th century to describe people of Proto-Indo-European heritage as a racial grouping. Anthropological, historical, and archaeological evidence does not support the validity of this concept.

How do you pronounce Reich?

Pronunciation

  1. IPA: /ɹaɪx/, /ɹaɪk/
  2. Rhymes: -aɪx, -aɪk.


What are the 3 Reichs of Germany?

The history of the nation-state known as the German Reich is commonly divided into three periods: German Empire (1871–1918) Weimar Republic (1918–1933) Nazi Germany (1933–1945)

What was the Third Reich simple definition?

Third Reich, official Nazi designation for the regime in Germany from January 1933 to May 1945, as the presumed successor of the medieval and early modern Holy Roman Empire of 800 to 1806 (the First Reich) and the German Empire of 1871 to 1918 (the Second Reich).

What does the word Reich mean?

empire

Definition of Reich



: realm : empire : kingdom.

What does Reich mean in history?

The term is derived from the Germanic word which generally means “realm,” but in German, it is typically used to designate a kingdom or an empire, especially the Roman Empire.

What was the German army called in ww2?

the Wehrmacht

However, it is important to remember that under the Nazi Regime the German military—known as the Wehrmacht—participated in Nazi crimes, including the Holocaust.

Was the Holy Roman Empire the First Reich?

The word Reich is hard to translate to English, but realm or empire are probably the best translations. The First Reich was the Holy Roman Empire (the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, Heiliges Römisches Reich deutscher Nation, not the ancient Roman Empire), 800 – 1806.