What goods did Germany trade during World War II, and with whom?

Who did Germany trade with during WW2?

Before the war, 70% of Germany’s export trade was with European countries, mostly the Netherlands, France and England, but the Ministry estimated that Germany’s remaining annual exports were worth £44m to South America, £19m to the Far East, £15m to the US, and that although nothing could be done to prevent the

Who did the Germans trade with?

In 2019, Germany major trading partner countries for exports were United States, France, China, Netherlands and United Kingdom and for imports they were China, Netherlands, United States, France and Poland.

What did Germany trade?

made up over 50% of German exports: vehicles and vehicle parts (17.5%), machinery (14.8%), chemical products (9.0%) and computer/electrical equipment (8.8%). The main imported goods were vehicles and vehicle parts and computer/electrical equipment (10.8% each), chemical products (8.1%) and machin- ery (8.0%).

Where did Germany get raw materials during WW2?

Oil Situation in Germany WW2 ! When the war started in September 1939, Germany was heavily dependent on iron ore imports for the manufacture of steel. The most important fields in Europe were the deposits in Lorraine (France), Lapland (Sweden), Krivoi Rog (Ukraine), and the mines in eastern England.

Who does Germany trade the most with?

The People’s Republic of China

The People’s Republic of China is again Germany’s main trading partner. According to preliminary results, goods worth 245.9 billion euros were traded between Germany and the People’s Republic of China in 2021 (exports and imports).

What are the top 3 exports of Germany?

Exports The top exports of Germany are Cars ($123B), Packaged Medicaments ($60.9B), Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($54.6B), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($34.1B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($20.9B), exporting mostly to United States ($116B), China ($106B),

Where did Germany get its fuel in ww2?

More than 92 percent of Germany’s aviation gasoline and half its total petroleum during World War II had come from synthetic fuel plants. At its peak in early 1944, the German synfuels effort produced more than 124,000 barrels per day from 25 plants.

Who supplied Germany with oil during ww2?

It imported oil from the Soviet Union until the German invasion of that country in June 1941 and from Hungary and Romania (25 percent of its annual requirements by 1944) after April 1941 when these two countries became German allies prior to the Soviet invasion.

Who had the most oil in ww2?

The Western European powers had virtually no oil industry at this time, while the U.S. oil output was roughly six times larger than that of the Soviet Union.



Characteristic Coal Crude petroleum (incl. NGL*)
Germany 251.9
France 42
Great Britain 227.9
Soviet Union 153.7 31.1

How do you make synthetic oil from coal?

In this process, a mixture of coal and recycled solvent is heated in the presence of iron-based catalyst and H2. The reaction takes place in tubular reactor at temperature between 430 °C (810 °F) and 465 °C (870 °F) at the pressure 150-200 bar. The produced oil has low quality and requires intensive upgrading.

Did Germany run out of oil?

However these “blitzkrieg” German victories required large amounts of petroleum causing the Nazi’s to outrun their supply lines and lose their advantage of speed and surprise. Thus, this push in Russia for the Caucasus and the quest for oil resulted in the Germans running short of petroleum.

Did us sell oil to Germany during ww2?

The American oil company Standard Oil, through it’s South American subsidiaries sold oil to Germany through a series of cutout companies and ruses pretty much throughout the war.

What is Germany’s balance of trade?

Germany trade balance for 2020 was $220.22B, a 0.26% increase from 2019. Germany trade balance for 2019 was $219.64B, a 10.46% decline from 2018. Germany trade balance for 2018 was $245.31B, a 6.24% decline from 2017.

What do we import from Germany?

Machinery & Electrical



Over a third (35.4%) of U.S. imports from Germany in 2021 are machines and electrical products.

Why does Germany have trade surplus?

Germany runs regular trade surpluses since 1952, primarily due to strong exports of vehicles and other machinery.

What does Germany export to USA?

Major categories of German exports to the United States in 2019 were vehicles ($17.9 billion), pharmaceuticals ($17.6 billion), industrial machinery ($6.8 billion), medical equipment ($5.8 billion), and returned goods and reimports ($5.6 billion).

What is the best known industry in Germany?

Germany’s most important industries



4 sectors dominate industry in Germany: the automotive, mechanical engineering, chemical and electrical industries. The global players are Volkswagen, Daimler, BMW (all automotive), BASF (chemical) and Siemens (electrical).