What was the medium for Marcus Aurelius’s Meditations?

How was Marcus Aurelius Meditations preserved?

They were preserved by the Byzantine state and people as well, and remained in the popular culture of that Empire throughout the Middle Ages.

What was Meditations written in?

Koine Greek

Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Meditations is a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor 161–180 CE, setting forth his ideas on Stoic philosophy. Marcus Aurelius wrote the 12 books of the Meditations in Koine Greek as a source for his own guidance and self-improvement.

How did Marcus Aurelius write Meditations?

The Meditations

The Meditations take the form of a personal notebook and were probably written while Marcus was on campaign in central Europe, c. AD 171-175. The entries appear to be in no particular order and may simply be in the original order of composition.

What is the best translation of Meditations by Marcus Aurelius?

The best Meditations translation is by Gregory Hays. (Sign up for our free 7-day course on Stoicism to see our interview with Professor Hays). He writes in modern plain English and understands how to make Marcus’s words concise and fluid. It is highly recommended you first read the Hays translation.

In what language did Marcus Aurelius write Meditations?


…was written in Greek, the Meditations of the emperor Marcus Aurelius. Elocutio novella, a blend of archaisms and colloquial speech, is seen to best advantage in Apuleius (born about 125).

What is the best description of the tone of Marcus Aurelius’s words?

What is the BEST description of the tone of Marcus Aurelius’s words? The correct response is “Harsh but fair.” Aurelius’s words are an “exhortation”—an insistent, persuasive speech designed to get the audience to do something.

What is the book Meditations by Marcus Aurelius about?

1-Sentence-Summary: Meditations is a collection of 12 books written by Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, who’ll introduce you to Stoic philosophy, the concept of logic, self-discipline and give you faith that the course the world runs is a good one.

When was Descartes Meditations written?

In 1639 Descartes began writing the Meditations. And, in 1640 he returned to Leiden to help work out its publication.