Where from, and in what way, did the first detailed account of the use of self-propelled torpedoes reach the RN and USN?



When was the torpedo first used in war?

Use in conflict
On 16 January 1878, the Turkish steamer Intibah became the first vessel to be sunk by self-propelled torpedoes, launched from torpedo boats operating from the tender Velikiy Knyaz Konstantin under the command of Stepan Osipovich Makarov during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78.

When was the first torpedo launched?





1866

It was invented by Lt. Cmdr. John Howell in the 1870s and 1880s, after English engineer Robert Whitehead debuted the world’s first successful torpedo in 1866.

Do navy ships have torpedoes?

The new class of speedy torpedoes can’t be guided, but can fire straight toward US Navy carriers that have little chance of detecting them. Torpedoes don’t directly collide with a ship, but rather use an explosion to create an air bubble under the ship to bend or break the keel, sinking the ship.

How were torpedoes propelled in ww2?

Instead of using compressed air and alcohol to generate steam, the Type 93 used pure oxygen and kerosene. This mixture was dangerous and difficult to handle but was powerful enough to propel a massive torpedo. The Type 93 was 29.5 feet long, had a diameter of 24 inches, and weighed over 6,000 pounds.

When was the first torpedo launched from a submarine?





1886

It was also the first submarine in the world to fire a live torpedo underwater. The Nordenfelt-class Ottoman submarine Abdül Hamid (1886) was the first submarine in history to fire a torpedo while submerged.

How are torpedoes propelled?

Torpedoes either use batteries and an electric motor or a special kind of fuel to propel themselves. A torpedo is essentially a guided missile that happens to “fly” underwater (see How Cruise Missiles Work for details on missiles).

Who used torpedoes in ww1?

The earliest German torpedoes type C35/91, despite entering service at the end of the 19th century, were successfully used by German U-Boats during the years 1915-1916.



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