Who first combined the lateen and square sails that led to the carrack?

Who invented the first carrack?


The carrack first appeared, historians believe, in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. The Spanish and Portuguese developed a particular type of ship to trade in the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic.

Who developed the carrack ship?

The Portuguese had designed the caravel (caravela) in the mid-15th century, a medium-sized ship with a low draught and lateen or triangular sails.

What is the origin of the carrack?

A carrack (Portuguese: nau; Spanish: nao; Catalan: carraca; Croatian: karaka) is a three- or four-masted ocean-going sailing ship that was developed in the 14th to 15th centuries in Europe, most notably in Portugal.

Who invented lateen sails?

the Arabs

Lateen sails were developed by the Arabs, then adopted in the eastern Mediterranean. Because they were used in the Mediterranean, northern sailors gave them the name “lateen” from “Latin.” A lateen sail is a triangular piece of cloth.

Who used the carrack ship?

It was first used by the Portuguese, and later by the Spanish, to explore and map the world. It was usually square-rigged on the foremast and mainmast and lateen-rigged on the mizzenmast. Carracks were ocean-going ships: large enough to be stable in heavy seas, and roomy enough to carry provisions for long voyages.

When was the lateen sail invented?

The lateen is believed to have been used in the eastern Mediterranean as early as the 2nd century ce, possibly imported from Egypt or the Persian Gulf.

When was the carrack ship invented?

carrack, sailing ship of the 14th–17th centuries that was usually built with three masts, the mainmast and foremast being rigged with square sails and the mizzenmast rigged with a fore-and-aft triangular lateen sail.

Who was the first ship builder?


Egyptians were among the earliest ship builders. The oldest pictures of boats that have ever been found are Egyptian, on vases and in graves. These pictures, at least 6000 years old, show long, narrow boats. They were mostly made of papyrus reeds and rowed using paddles.

Who led the Santiago ship?

The Santiago was the first ship Magellan lost on his expedition, but the crew survived the shipwreck and were incorporated onto the remaining four ships. In 1522, only one of Magellan’s ships would successfully navigate the globe and 18 crew members were among those who survived the mission.

Who invented the first caravel?

Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal

Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal created the Caravel for long distance trade. It boasted two or three masts that had interchangeable sails. Square sails were used for open water while lateen sails were used for shoreline sailing. The also had a rounded bottom, making them faster than other vessels of their time.

Who made the first junk ship?

Junks first appeared in China during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD), a small, shallow-hulled vessel with one or two masts. The boat’s narrow shape was designed to allow it to glide quickly across the water, while the flat bottom made it possible to dock in shallow waters.

When was the carrack released?

Here’s its official blurb, as released by Cloud Imperium Games when the Carrack was unlocked in 2013: “The Anvil Carrack has been the vanguard of every UEE exploration effort in recent years.

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