What did Maria Theresa do for Hungary?
In defiance of the grave situation, she managed to secure the vital support of the Hungarians for the war effort. During the course of the war, Maria Theresa successfully defended her rule over most of the Habsburg monarchy, apart from the loss of Silesia and a few minor territories in Italy.
How did Maria Theresa treat peasants?
She became increasingly involved with the problem of serf reform. Throughout the empire, the peasants were obligated to pay monetary and work dues to their lords. In 1771, Maria Theresa issued the Robot Patent, the serf reform designed to regulate the peasants’ labor payments in all of the Habsburg lands.
What is Maria Theresa of Austria known for?
Maria Theresa was the most important ruler of the age of Enlightened Absolutism and one of the most famous Habsburgs. She took over the reins of government on the death of her father Charles VI and implemented numerous enduring reforms.
What are some other interesting facts about Maria Theresa?
From the day she was born, Maria Theresa was one of the most important people in 18th-century Europe. Although she could not reign as Holy Roman empress in her own right, she was groomed from an early age to preserve Habsburg territory and influence. When she was 18, she married Francis Stephen of Lorraine.
What did Maria Theresa believe in?
Maria Theresa was a devout Roman Catholic and believed that religious unity was necessary for a peaceful public life. Consequently, she explicitly rejected the idea of religious toleration but never allowed the Church to interfere with what she considered to be prerogatives of a monarch and kept Rome at arm’s length.
What was Maria Theresa’s effect on the nobility?
Austria’s empress, Maria Theresa, remained as wedded to absolutism as Frederick the Great. But, unlike Frederick, she had initiated reforms, cautiously and gradually reducing the powers of the nobles over their serfs and their overall power in her realm – except in that part of her realm that was Hungary.
How did Maria Theresa change her country?
In 1740, Maria Theresa succeeded the Habsburg throne. In resistance, Frederick II’s army invaded and claimed Silesia. The war ended in 1748, after which she reformed her government and military. In 1756 Frederick II waged the Seven Years’ War against her.
How many of Maria Theresa’s children lived to adulthood?
The fact that Maria Theresa gave birth to sixteen children is a well-known part of her life story. Of her eleven daughters and five sons ten survived into adulthood. Maria Theresa’s first child, a daughter named Maria Elisabeth (1737–1740), died while still a young child.
Who was Maria Theresa favorite daughter?
In 1742, the fifth child, Maria Christina, Maria Theresa’s favorite daughter, was born exactly on her 25th birthday. She was the only one of the many children wo was allowed to choose her husband herself andmarried Duke Albert of Saxony-Teschen.
What happened to Marie Antoinette’s sister?
But before the marriage could occur, Maria Josepha came down with smallpox, as did her older sister, Johanna. At only 16, Maria Josepha died from the deadly disease.