Why do old kitchen stoves have circular openings in the upper surface?

Why is there a hole in the back of my wood stove?

On our wood burning stove, both the primary and secondary air vents are located underneath, while the tertiary air vent is located on the back, which feeds air to the small holes located at the back of the firebox as shown below.

What is a baffle in a wood stove?

The baffle is a heavy duty component located at the top of the firebox inside a wood burning stove, typically made from metal to cope with high temperatures. A baffle plate helps to keep heated air and waste gases inside the firebox for longer to produce even more heat from burning wood.

How do you use a stove vent?

Leave the vents fully open when lighting a fire and while the fire gets going. Slowly start to close down the vents once the fire has caught hold of the kindling. Leave the vents fully open for a longer period of time if closing down the vents causes the fire to smolder or go out.

What is an old fashioned stove called?

Benjamin Franklin invented the Pennsylvania stove. There are many different types of antique stoves. Some of these stoves are named after their shapes, such as pot belly stoves, cylinder stoves, column stoves, and box stoves. Other common styles of antique stoves include base burners, Franklin, and parlor stoves.

What does a stove throat plate do?

Throat plate: (See also baffle plate) The throat plate is located in the upper region of the stove firebox. It deflects the flames and heat generated by the fire around itself before exiting out into the flue.

What is the purpose of a baffle plate?

What does a baffle plate do? The simplest way to describe a baffle plate, which is placed at the top of the fire chamber, is a deflector shield which reflects heat back into the combustion chamber. This ensures that as much heat as possible is retained in the stove and emitted into the room in a controlled manner.

What does the top vent on a stove do?

Vents allow you to control the supply of oxygen reaching the fire within your stove, and by extension, allow you to control how fiercely (or not) the fire burns.

Do all stoves need a vent?

We sometimes have customers call in asking if they need a vent hood for their electric stove. The truth is that you should consider a vent for your electric stove. Even if you cook one or two times a week, a vent hood can be beneficial for you. It will clean your indoor air and improve your indoor air quality.

Does a wood burning stove need an air vent?

To operate correctly all stoves require a supply of air for combustion, and the ability to then evacuate the flue gases; otherwise they will not work. A wood burner is unable to light without an air supply, and subsequently smoke will then pour out into the room it is installed, not what you want to happen.

Are old stoves worth anything?

Old stoves can be worth a great deal of money, especially in uncertain times. It’s common to see antique stoves selling for several hundred dollars. However, condition is a major factor. If your stove is cracked, seriously rusted, or has other significant damage, it will be worth considerably less.

How much are old cook stoves worth?

If you own a 10-plate stove (one of the earliest brands) in pristine condition, it can hold a value of over $3000. A vintage enamel cook stove can be sold anywhere between $1200 – $2500.

What kind of stoves were used in the 1930s?

By the 1930s, gas stoves were covered with white porcelain enamel. The stove no longer dominated the kitchen and was easier to clean (Cohen, 1982, p. 21). Stoves had an oven on one side and a cooktop on the other, with a storage area beneath the cooktop and slender curved legs, as in the first photo below.

What are the two vents on a stove for?

The bottom vent is the primary vent and the top vent is the secondary vent. The vents let you adjust how quickly your fuel burns by controlling the air supply to the stove. On the top of the stove you’ll see a pipe coming out of the wood burner.

Should you close vents on stove?

Primary Vent (Bottom):



This vent is required to be fully opened when lighting a stove. Stoves with an overnight capacity usually requires you to close this vent fully and make a half a turn back open to put it in slum mode.

Where are air vents on wood stove?

Damper vents work just like large bolts with flat heads that close over the holes when you turn the knob. If the stove only has one vent, the knob will be centered on the door; if it has two, they will be side by side. Turn the knobs clockwise to reduce the airflow, or turn it counterclockwise to increase airflow.

Can you use a wood burner without a baffle plate?

Operating a woodburner without a baffle is unlikely to cause any immediate risk of injury. What it does risk is causing irreparable damage to your stove. As we mentioned, the baffle is there to protect the inside of your stove from intense heat. Temperatures inside a stove are incredibly high.

Is a baffle a damper?

The BBF is a fixed position damper used to balance draft in a boiler connector. It is used when multiple heating appliances are connected to a single, common chimney.

How does a baffle work?

How Does it Work? Baffles primarily work like other ceiling or wall-mounted acoustic panels. The sound energy penetrates the panel, causing the tiny glass wool fibers inside the core material to vibrate.

How does a flue baffle work?

A Flue Baffle is a helical piece of metal that works to slow down and aid the path of exhaust (flue) gases from the burner assembly, causing the gases to swirl on their upward path as they leave the unit.

How do you remove a baffle plate from a stove?


Quote from video: Start by removing the foil fence. Powers. Lift the back of the baffle.

What are the tubes in the top of my wood stove?

Secondary Burn Tubes



These are perforated metal tubes located inside the firebox at the top that allow combustion air to enter the firebox. Unburned gasses moving up from the fuel load mix with oxygen from the tubes and ignite.