What was the impact of America’s firebombing campaign against Japan?
Although the precise death toll is unknown, conservative estimates suggest that the firestorm caused by incendiary bombs killed at least 80,000 people, and likely more than 100,000, in a single night; some one million people were left homeless. The Japanese later called this the “Night of the Black Snow.”
What was the justification of using the bomb on Japan rather than invade it?
The dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima was justified at the time as being moral – in order to bring about a more rapid victory and prevent the deaths of more Americans. However, it was clearly not moral to use this weapon knowing that it would kill civilians and destroy the urban milieu.
Was the firebombing of Japan a war crime?
Over 50% of Tokyo’s industry was spread out among residential and commercial neighborhoods; firebombing cut the whole city’s output in half. Some modern post-war analysts have called the raid a war crime due to the targeting of civilian infrastructure and the ensuing mass loss of civilian life.
- Why didn’t the US choose to demolish Tokyo with an atom bomb?
- Did the Japenese consider the atomic bomb no worse than any other bomb?
- Why was Hiroshima selected to be the city in Japan on which the first atom bomb was dropped?
- Was the death toll in the atomic bombing of Japanese territory greater than was expected by the US?
- Did the US really consider demonstrating the atomic bomb to the Japanese by “blowing the top” off of Mt. Fuji?
- How many people were affected by the Holodomor [Famine-Genocide in Ukraine]
- When did Emperor Hirohito gave an address about suicides and non-productive jobs?