Is the letter attributed to have been sent by Muhammad to the Byzantine Emperor authentic?

Did Prophet Muhammad write a letter? According to al-Tabari in his History of the Prophets and Kings (10th century CE), Muhammad decided after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah (628) to send letters to many rulers of the world, inviting them to Islam. The Islamic account of some of these letters and their reception has been a …

Has the U.S. Navy ever commissioned the building of a warship overseas?

What is the oldest warship still in commission? USS Constitution USS Constitution, also known as Old Ironsides, is a three-masted wooden-hulled heavy frigate of the United States Navy. She is the world’s oldest ship still afloat. Did Congress authorize building any ships for the US Navy? Congress approved completion of three frigates, the U.S.S. United …

Why did the Soviets refuse to help Nur Mohammed Taraki?

Why was Hafizullah Amin assassination? Amin started a smear campaign to discredit Puzanov. This in turn led to an assassination attempt against Amin, in which Puzanov participated. The situation was worsened by the KGB accusing Amin of misrepresenting the Soviet position on Afghanistan in the PDPA Central Committee and the Revolutionary Council. Who was Afghanistan …

Were boycotts, divestment, and sanctions effective against apartheid?

Did sanctions help end apartheid? Economic sanctions against South Africa placed a significant pressure on the government that helped to end apartheid. What helped end the apartheid? The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government. These negotiations …

Was there a constitutional mechanism to overturn the election of Adolf Hitler?

What was the purpose of Enabling Act? The Enabling Act allowed the Reich government to issue laws without the consent of Germany’s parliament, laying the foundation for the complete Nazification of German society. Did Germany have a constitution? The current version of the Basic Law (Grundgesetz) of 23 May 1949 is the constitution of the …

Did Germany have enforced conscription in 1944?

Was there conscription in Germany in ww2? ‘defence force’) was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the Heer (army), the Kriegsmarine (navy) and the Luftwaffe (air force). Wehrmacht Military age 18–45 Conscription 1–2 years Reaching military age annually 700,000 (1935) Active personnel 18,000,000 (total served) When did …

Who was responsible for the murder of Elizabeth Short, AKA the Black Dahlia? Was it a doctor who was formerly married to a police captain’s daughter?

Who is Leslie Dillon? Leslie Dillon-He was an aspiring screenwriter who was a former mortician’s assistant and a bellhop. Dillon entered the investigation by reaching out to Dr. De River about the case. He claimed a friend of his killed Elizabeth Short. How was the Black Dahlia tortured? The torture included, but was not limited …