When was the Ottoman mosque within the Parthenon demolished?

After the Ottoman conquest, the Parthenon was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. Did the Ottomans destroy the Parthenon? The siege …

What was the goal behind the 9 state approval of the United States constitution?

What is the significance of 9 states ratifying the Constitution? Nine states needed to vote for the Constitution for it to be accepted. Each state was given six months to meet and vote on the proposed Constitution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware was the first state to vote in favor of, or ratify, it. What …

How did commoners in late medieval to early modern Europe learn to read?

There were, of course, many other ways to learn to read, but learning from a friar was the most common method, especially for a middle class or lower middle class person. Did medieval peasants know how do you read? Peasants were revolting and irrational It’s true that medieval peasants had little access to education or …

Where were they ecoshapping and were condemned by the UN

Is Russia still in the United Nations? Russia is one of five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, which gives it the power to veto any security resolution. Who voted against UN Human Rights Council? The resolution received a two-thirds majority of those voting, minus abstentions, in the 193-member Assembly, with 93 nations voting …

Why did so large places of vastly different cultures and histories unite as India?

What is special about Indian culture? India is one of the most religiously and ethnically diverse nations in the world, with some of the most deeply religious societies and cultures. Religion plays a central and definitive role in the life of many of its people. Although India is a secular Hindu-majority country, it has a …

Before iron was common, what did common people use for door hinges?

Copper nails, bronze nails, even wooden nails – or you can tie the leather to the door. What was used before hinges? The earliest known pivot hinges date back to approximately 1600 B.C. These were found as wooden doors pivoting from stone sockets in Hattusa, which is in modern day Turkey. This is among the …

Historically, how did people living in distant regions communicate?

How did ancient people communicate with different languages? Long before the earliest writings of the Sumerians and the Egyptians were developed, people communicated with each other by a number of different methods. Early humans could express thoughts and feelings by means of speech or by signs or gestures. They could signal with fire and smoke, …