Countries involved in World War 1(the Great War)

During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Canada, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers). World War I or Great War (in Soviet historiography sometimes referred to as the First World Imperialist War; July 28, 1914 – November 11, 1918) …

What is the origin of white mourning clothes in African-American culture?

The color that represents mourning varies depending on each culture and the belief of the place. In India and some African countries they use white, based on the same superstition, to hide from the spirits of the deceased, however, today the color white also represents purity of the soul. In South Africa, for example, they …

When did prostitution become illegal in the United States and why?

Prostitution, often called “the world’s oldest profession,” has also been called by many names, from street environments and brothels to sophisticated escort services, whether call girls or call girls or call girls. Whatever its name, however, prostitution is illegal in almost all fifty states. At its most basic definition, prostitution is the exchange of a …

Was there a dry dock available to pirate ships during the golden age of piracy?

What did pirates do during the Golden Age of Piracy? The Golden Age of Piracy spanned the period from approximately 1650 to 1726. During this period, bands of pirates menaced commercial (and sometimes even military) shipping in the Caribbean, along the North American eastern seaboard, the West African coast, and the Indian Ocean.  How did …

The Constitution of the United States: Background material for the original, esp. the Bill of Rights?

What is the background of the Bill of Rights? The Bill of Rights derives from the Magna Carta (1215), the English Bill of Rights (1689), the colonial struggle against king and Parliament, and a gradually broadening concept of equality among the American people. Virginia’s 1776 Declaration of Rights, drafted chiefly by George Mason, was a …

What was president Ayub Khan’s plan on the eastern front during the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965?

What was the role of Ayub Khan in 1965 war? He launched Operation Gibraltar against India in 1965, leading to all-out war. However, with Soviet Union intervention in 1966, peace was negotiated and relations among the three nations improved. Domestically, Ayub subscribed to the laissez-faire policy of Western-aligned nations at the time. Which agreement was …

What is the context for Napoleon’s quote “[the Austrians] did not know the value of five minutes”?

What was Napoleon’s famous quote? There are but two powers in the world, the sword and the mind. In the long run the sword is always beaten by the mind. What did Napoleon do to Austria? Napoleon surrounded an Austrian army at the city of Ulm, compelled it to surrender (see Ulm, Battle of), and …

Who was the train conductor who threw Gandhi from a first class train coach in South Africa?

Who threw Gandhi off the train? Mahatma Gandhi was thrown off a train at the Pietermaritzburg railway station in South Africa in 1893, after a white man objected to him travelling in the first class coach. Gandhi spent nearly 21 years in South Africa practicing law, and adopting Satyagraha against the racist regime. Where was …

In U.S. military forces, did black soldiers suffer a heavy racial segregation during World War II?

The Army, Navy, and Marine Corps all segregated African Americans into separate units because of the belief that they were not as capable as white service members. Adding to this indignity, the Army frequently assigned White officers from the American South to command Black infantrymen.  Was the US Army segregated during WWII? African Americans served …