Demographics: Were diseases the sole reason for the decrease in native Hawaiian population?

Why did the Native Hawaiian population decrease?

Over the years, many other infectious diseases and illnesses such as measles, chicken pox, polio and tuberculosis killed thousands of Hawaiians. By Swanson’s estimates, 1-in-17 Native Hawaiians had died within two years of Cook’s arrival. By 1800, the population had declined by 48% since Cook set foot on Hawaii.

What are the leading causes of death for Native Hawaiians?

Some leading causes of death among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders include: cancer, heart disease, unintentional injuries (accidents), stroke and diabetes. Some other health conditions and risk factors that are prevalent among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders are hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.

What is the demographic breakdown of Hawaii?

Population (up 7.4% to 331.4 million). Race and ethnicity (White alone 61.6%; Black alone 12.4%; Hispanic 18.7%; Asian alone 6%; American Indian and Alaska Native alone 1.1%; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0.2%; Some Other Race alone 8.4%; Two or More Races 10.2%).

What disease wiped out Hawaiians?

The measles deaths of Hawaii’s monarchs were tragic—and foretold another tragedy. When measles finally hit the Hawaiian islands in 1848, it began a long sequence of epidemics that tore the kingdom apart.

What is the number one killer in Hawaii?

Stats of the State of Hawaii

HI Leading Causes of Death, 2017 Deaths Rate***
1. Heart Disease 2,575 129.8
2. Cancer 2,456 128.6
3. Stroke 764 37.5
4. Flu/Pneumonia 637 29.6

How many true Hawaiians are left?

“Native Hawaiian” is a racial classification used by the United States. In the most recent Census, 690,000 people reported that they were Native Hawaiian or of a mixed-race that includes Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. There may now be as few as 5,000 pure-blood Native Hawaiians remaining in the world.

What percentage of Hawaii’s population is native?

Honolulu County had the largest percentage of Asian population at 61.3%, followed by Kauai County at 51.3%, Maui County at 47.8%, and Hawaii County at 45.1%. Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (alone or in combination) accounted for 26.7% of Hawaii’s total population.

What race is Native Hawaiian?

Native Hawaiians, or simply Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka, kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli), are the Indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaii was settled at least 800 years ago with the voyage of Polynesians from the Society Islands.

What race were the original Hawaiians?

Polynesians

Hawaiian, any of the aboriginal people of Hawaii, descendants of Polynesians who migrated to Hawaii in two waves: the first from the Marquesas Islands, probably about ad 400; the second from Tahiti in the 9th or 10th century.

Who brought diseases to Hawaii?

The first accounts of major disease in the Hawaiian Islands trace back to early settlers and explorers like Captain James Cook, a British explorer who arrived at the Hawaiian Islands (which he called the Sandwich Islands) in the late 1770s.

What diseases did the British bring to Hawaii?

Then, as the nascent Hawaiian Kingdom worked to forge itself into an independent nation, foreign ships brought epidemics in waves: cholera (1804), influenza (1820s), mumps (1839), measles and whooping cough (1848-9) and smallpox (1853).

How did Hawaiians get leprosy?

It was the global prevalence of leprosy that spread the disease to Hawaii in the 19th century, when many migrated to the island to work the land. As Hawaiians hadn’t been previously exposed to the disease, their lack of any protective immunity helped the infection thrive upon its arrival.

Is Hawaii getting overpopulated?

Hawaii’s overpopulation example #1: Population Density



It is used as a metric for measuring the severity of overpopulation and how the population is dispersed in a fixed area. According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Hawaii’s population in 2010 per square mile was about 212 people. In 2019, that number was 220.

What are Hawaiian people called?

When in doubt, the best way to refer to a Native Hawaiian is to use the terms “Hawaiian” or “Native Hawaiian.” In ʻŌlelo Hawai’i, the Native Hawaiian language, the terms “Kanaka ʻŌiwi” and “Kanaka Maoli” can also be used.

What percentage of Hawaii is Japanese?

Japanese Laborers on Spreckelsville Plantation, Maui



The Japanese would quickly become one of the island kingdom’s largest ethnic groups. Today, about 14% of Hawaii’s population has Japanese ancestry.

Why are there so many Filipino in Hawaii?

Filipinos are the fastest growing ethnic minority in Hawaii, due to continuous immigration from the Philippines and high birth rates in the Filipino community. About 3,500 immigrants from the Philippines, mostly children, come to Hawaii every year.

Who is immigrating to Hawaii?

The top countries of origin for immigrants were the Philippines (45 percent of immigrants), China (9 percent), Japan (8 percent), Korea (6 percent), and the Marshall Islands (4 percent).

Is Hawaii getting overpopulated?

Hawaii’s overpopulation example #1: Population Density



It is used as a metric for measuring the severity of overpopulation and how the population is dispersed in a fixed area. According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, Hawaii’s population in 2010 per square mile was about 212 people. In 2019, that number was 220.

Are people leaving Maui?

Hawaii residents have been moving away from the islands in droves in recent years; in fiscal 2019, more than 13,000 people departed — the highest negative net migration ever.

Why does Hawaii have so much homeless?

In addition to the high cost of living, a cause of homelessness is low wages. More than 60 percent of the jobs in the state pay less than $20 per hour and two-thirds pay less than $15 per hour. That’s less than half of what households need to earn in Hawaii for survival.