What was the origin of the roles of “lieutenant” officers?

Historically, the “lieutenant” was the deputy to a “captain”, and as the rank structure of armies began to formalise, this came to mean that a captain commanded a company and had several lieutenants, each commanding a platoon.

What is the lieutenant role?

lieutenant, company grade officer, the lowest rank of commissioned officer in most armies of the world. The lieutenant normally commands a small tactical unit such as a platoon.

What is the role of a lieutenant in the Army?

This rank is responsible for overseeing the staff’s planning and coordination of a mission. The major general typically commands division-sized units (10,000 to 15,000 Soldiers). The lieutenant general typically commands corps-sized units (20,000 to 45,000 Soldiers).

Where does the term lieutenant come from?

lieutenant (n.)

late 14c., “one who takes the place of another,” from Old French lieu tenant “substitute, deputy,” literally “place holder” (14c.), from lieu “place” (see lieu) + tenant, present participle of tenir “to hold,” from PIE root *ten- “to stretch.” The notion is of a “substitute” for higher authority.

What is the role of a first lieutenant?

First lieutenants are in charge of platoons in combat, while serving as the executive officer to his company commander – usually a captain. Company size ranges from 110 to 140 individuals. Serving in a combat specialty role such as infantry, these young officers command groups normally around 30 to 50 at a time.

When did lieutenant become lieutenant?

A: The word “lieutenant” came into Middle English in the 1300s from French—lieu for “place” and tenant for “holding.” (Originally a “lieutenant” was a placeholder, a civil or military officer acting in place of a superior. Think of the phrase “in lieu of” for “in place of.” )

Why do people say leftenant instead of lieutenant?

According to military customs, a lower ranking soldier walks on the left side of a senior officer. This courtesy developed when swords were still used on the battle field. The lower ranked soldier on the “left” protected the senior officers left side. Therefore, the term leftenant developed.

What’s the difference between lieutenant and leftenant?

A Lieutenant (a leader of a platoon) is pronounced ‘Left-tenant’ in the U.K. (as he/she is left the tenancy of command). In the US however, the word is pronounced as ‘Lew-tenant’, much to British distaste. Leftenant is the U.K. and Commonwealth pronunciation. USA pronunciation of the same rank is LOOtenant.

Why do the British pronounce lieutenant the way they do?

It’s simply an attempt for English speakers to pronunce French phonemes, I don’t believe there’s an additional reason. The word appeared in English as “lieutenant”, and an alternative “leftenant” was made to stick to the pronunciation. The pronunciation being very difficult for English speaker.

How do the British say lieutenant?


No one can really say why in the British Army the word is pronounced “left-tenant” but it’s notable that in the Royal Navy the pronunciation seems half way across the ocean. They drop the “f” and say “le-tenant.”

How do you become a lieutenant?

How to become a lieutenant in the Indian Army

  1. Take the UPSC exam and join NDA after 10+2. …
  2. Follow Technical Entry Scheme after 10+2 in the science stream. …
  3. Take the Combined Defence Services (CDS) Examination. …
  4. Take the University Entry Scheme for engineering graduates.

How do you address a lieutenant?

—-Letter salutation: —-—-Dear Lieutenant (surname): —-#1) In the past, forms of address for Army lieutenants varied slightly from Air Force and Marine Corps lieutenants, but current directives show the forms of address to be identical for all services.

How many years does it take to become a lieutenant?

Time in Grade and Time in Service

Promote to: Time in Service Time in Grade
First lieutenant/O2 18 months 18 months
Captain/O3 4 years plus 1 year 2 years
Major/O4 10 years +/- 1year 3 years
Lieutenant Colonel/O5 16 years +/- 1 year 3 years

Why is lieutenant pronounced?

It’s believed that at some time before the 19th century, the British read and pronounced the “U” at the end of “lieu” as a “V” and the “V” later became an “F”. This may explain why we in Singapore and most other Commonwealth countries pronounce “Lieutenant” as “lef-tenant”, while Americans pronounce it as it is spelt.

Why is colonel spelled so weird?

“Colonel” came to English from the mid-16th-century French word coronelle, meaning commander of a regiment, or column, of soldiers. By the mid-17th century, the spelling and French pronunciation had changed to colonnel. The English spelling also changed, and the pronunciation was shortened to two syllables.

Why do Americans pronounce colonel?

This was because the rank was bestowed upon the commander of a column of troops. This word was then adopted by the French, who translated the term in their own language, converted the word ‘colonnello’ to the word ‘coronel’. This is the reason why ‘colonel’ is pronounced ‘kernel’.

Why is it spelled Wednesday?

As it turns out, Wednesday actually has Germanic linguistic origins. It is derived from the Old English word, Wōdnesdæg, which honors the Germanic god Wodan.

Why is it spelled bologna?

Quote from video: We didn't like that pronunciation. So we Americans changed it to Bologna. Not Bologna but Bologna there you go now of course Bologna has another meaning nonsense.

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