Evacuation from the Storm: Departure of the British Diplomatic Mission from Warsaw in September 1939

When in September 1939 did the British diplomatic mission leave Warsaw?

The British diplomatic mission left Warsaw, the capital of Poland, in early September 1939. As the German invasion unfolded and Polish defenses crumbled, the situation became increasingly precarious for foreign diplomats. Recognizing the gravity of the situation and the imminent threat to their safety, the British diplomats made the difficult decision to evacuate.

On September 5, 1939, the British diplomatic mission departed Warsaw. With the German forces rapidly advancing, the diplomats, along with other foreign personnel, sought to find safety and regroup in more secure locations. The departure of the British diplomatic mission from Warsaw marked a somber moment, reflecting the escalating hostilities and the impending collapse of Polish resistance.

September 1939: Unveiling the Dawn of World War II

September 1939 stands as a pivotal moment in history, forever etched in the annals of World War II. As the world held its breath, the events that unfolded during this fateful month would shape the course of nations, redefine global alliances, and ignite a conflict that would span the globe. In this article, we delve into the significance of September 1939, exploring the key events, human stories, and enduring lessons that emerged from the darkness.

The gathering storm

The world in September 1939 was a tinderbox of tension and political unrest. As Nazi Germany became increasingly aggressive and expansionist under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, tensions reached a breaking point. The invasion of Poland became the spark that ignited the flames of war, as German forces launched a full-scale attack and quickly overwhelmed Polish defenses.

Blitzkrieg Unleashed

The Polish campaign marked the debut of a devastating new military strategy known as blitzkrieg. Characterized by rapid and coordinated attacks using tanks, aircraft, and infantry, blitzkrieg allowed the German army to quickly overrun Polish defenses, leading to the rapid collapse of the country.

International Responses

In September 1939, the international community responded to the outbreak of war. The United Kingdom and France, honoring their alliance with Poland, declared war on Germany, signaling the beginning of a wider conflict. The world held its breath, realizing that this was not just a local conflict, but an ominous precursor to a global conflagration.

Human stories and sacrifices

Amidst the geopolitical maneuvering and military strategies, the human stories of September 1939 remain a haunting reminder of the true cost of war. Countless lives were upended, families torn apart, and communities shattered. The resilience, bravery, and sacrifice of individuals caught in the middle of the conflict stand as a testament to the indomitable human spirit in the face of adversity.

Lessons Learned

September 1939 offers profound lessons that reverberate throughout history. It underscores the importance of diplomacy and peaceful conflict resolution, and reminds us of the disastrous consequences when such efforts fail. The outbreak of war in September 1939 serves as a stark reminder of the need for international cooperation, collective security, and the pursuit of lasting peace.

Remembering September 1939

Commemorations and memorials play a crucial role in ensuring that the events of September 1939 are not forgotten. They serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made and the lives lost during that tumultuous period. By honoring the past, we pay tribute to those affected by the war and seek to create a world where such devastating conflicts are prevented.

Diplomatic Endeavors: Efforts to Prevent the Outbreak of War in September 1939

In September 1939, as tensions escalated and the threat of war loomed, several important diplomatic efforts were made to prevent the outbreak of conflict. Here are a few notable examples:

The Policy of Appeasement

Prior to September 1939, the policy of appeasement was pursued by some Western powers, particularly Britain and France, in an attempt to avoid war. This policy involved making concessions to Nazi Germany in the hope of satisfying its territorial ambitions and deterring further aggression. However, the policy ultimately failed to deter Hitler’s expansionist ambitions.

Diplomatic Negotiations

Diplomatic negotiations were conducted at various levels to defuse tensions and reach a peaceful resolution. For example, the British government negotiated with Germany to find a diplomatic solution to the issues surrounding the German annexation of Czechoslovakia. However, these negotiations failed to prevent the outbreak of war.

Efforts by International Organizations

The League of Nations, an intergovernmental organization established after World War I, made efforts to mediate and resolve conflicts during this period. The League attempted to address the rising tensions and potential outbreak of war through diplomatic channels. However, the League’s influence and effectiveness were limited, and it was unable to prevent the conflict from escalating.

Last-ditch diplomatic initiatives

In the final hours before the outbreak of war, last-ditch diplomatic initiatives were pursued. For example, the British government sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding the withdrawal of German forces from Poland. However, this ultimatum went unanswered, leading Britain and France to declare war in response to the German invasion.


September 1939 stands as a defining month in history, marking the beginning of World War II and its far-reaching consequences. The events of this pivotal month shaped the course of nations, tested the resilience of individuals, and forever altered the global landscape. As we reflect on September 1939, we recognize the immense human suffering, the sacrifices made, and the lessons learned from this tumultuous time.

The outbreak of war in September 1939 is a poignant reminder of the catastrophic consequences of unchecked aggression and the failure of diplomatic efforts. It underscores the importance of international cooperation, collective security, and the pursuit of peaceful conflict resolution. The diplomatic efforts and negotiations of the time, while ultimately unsuccessful, underscore the importance of dialogue and compromise in preventing and resolving conflict.

September 1939 also reminds us of the profound resilience and courage of individuals in the face of adversity. The human stories of sacrifice, bravery, and perseverance serve as a testament to the indomitable spirit of humanity. By honoring these stories and remembering the past, we strive to create a future of peace, understanding, and global harmony.

As we remember September 1939, let us learn from its lessons and work toward a world where conflicts are resolved through dialogue, where diplomacy is valued, and where the devastating effects of war are never forgotten. In embracing these ideals, we honor the memory of those who lived through this dark chapter and pave the way for a brighter, more peaceful future.


When did Poland surrender to Germany?

September 1, 1939

But, after heavy shelling and bombing, Warsaw surrendered to the Germans within a month of the German attack. Soviet forces quickly annexed most of eastern Poland, while western Poland remained under German occupation until 1945.

What was one major outcome of the invasion of Poland in 1939?

Invasion of Poland

Date 1 September 1939 – 6 October 1939 (35 days)
Result German–Soviet victory
Territorial changes Polish territory divided among Germany, Lithuania, the Soviet Union, and the Slovak client-state Danzig annexed by Germany Kresy annexed by the Soviet Union, Vilnius granted to Lithuania

What happened to Poland during WWII?

Following the German–Soviet non-aggression pact, Poland was invaded by Nazi Germany on 1 September 1939 and by the Soviet Union on 17 September. The campaigns ended in early October with Germany and the Soviet Union dividing and annexing the whole of Poland.

When did Britain invade Poland?

The Invasion of Poland: September 1st, 1939.

What happened on September 3rd 1939?

On September 3, 1939, in response to Hitler’s invasion of Poland, Britain and France, both allies of the overrun nation declare war on Germany.

Why is Poland always invaded?

Poland sits almost in the middle of Europe, with few geographical features protecting it. That means Poland can be invaded from any direction, particularly since for much of Poland’s history, Poland had powerful neighbors on its borders. The second reason has to do with the Polish state itself.

Did Poland help England in ww2?

Polish Navy vessels, which had escaped to the UK on the eve of war, also fought alongside the Royal Navy throughout the entirety of the war, supplemented by a number of British ships and submarines crewed by Polish personnel.

Who liberated Poland in ww2?

Soviet forces

Virtually all of Poland in its prewar boundaries had been liberated by Soviet forces by the end of January 1945. After Germany’s surrender, Soviet troops occupied most of eastern Europe, including Poland.

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