When was Hatra built?
2nd century bce
Hatra was probably founded in the 3rd or 2nd century bce, under the Seleucid kingdom. It rose to prominence as the capital of Araba, a small semiautonomous state under Parthian influence.
When was Hatra destroyed?
In March 2015, Iraqi officials said they had received reports from locals that IS had destroyed Hatra. The following month, IS itself released a video showing militants using picks, sledgehammers and assault rifles to destroy statues and friezes deemed idolatrous.
What was Hatra used for?
Hatra was the city of the Sun God. It was an important Arab sanctuary and a major city of the Jazirah in northern Iraq at the crossroads of major trade routes between the Roman and the Parthian Empires. Its extraordinarily well-preserved temples and city walls date from the second and third centuries A.D.
How old is Hatra?
Hatra was founded in the days of the Parthian Empire over 2,000 years ago. Militants have recently bulldozed ruins at the Assyrian city of Nimrud and destroyed museum artefacts in Mosul.
Why is the Hatra famous?
Hatra was used as the setting for the opening scene in the 1973 film The Exorcist, and since 1985 has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site was first surveyed by Walter Andrae of the German excavation team working in Assur from 1906 to 1911.
Why did Isis destroy Hatra?
ISIS Targets and Destroys Ancient Historical Remains
ISIS militants have begun dismantling the ancient archaeological site of Hatra in northern Iraq in their ongoing effort to eliminate the region of what they consider idolatrous imagery, Iraqi authorities said Saturday.
What happened to Hatra?
Hatra is currently under UNESCO protection as a result of deliberate destruction of heritage as acts of war (UNESCO 2016).
Why is Hatra in danger?
The World Heritage site of Hatra in Iraq has been inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger due to damage inflicted to the property by armed groups. During debates today, many World Heritage Committee members voiced concern about the state of Iraqi heritage following acts of intentional destruction.
When the Roman army passed Hatra in 363 the city was?
In 363, Ammianus Marcellinus passed by Hatra together with the Roman army and has described it as an “old city situated in an uninhabited area and deserted for a long time past“. The fall of Hatra is described in medieval Arabic and Persian traditions via stories that mix facts and fiction.
Who destroyed Ctesiphon?
In 197, the emperor Septimius Severus sacked Ctesiphon and carried off thousands of its inhabitants, whom he sold into slavery.
Did Rome conquer Mesopotamia?
98–117) launched a war against Rome’s long-time eastern rival, the Parthian Empire. In 114, he conquered Armenia, which was made into a province, and by the end of 115, he had conquered northern Mesopotamia.