Why did Antiochus leave Egypt?
King Antiochus returned from Egypt in 168 BC, enraged by his defeat; he attacked Jerusalem and restored Menelaus, then executed many Jews. When these happenings were reported to the king, he thought that Judea was in revolt. Raging like a wild animal, he set out from Egypt and took Jerusalem by storm.
Why was Antiochus IV important?
Antiochus IV is often seen as the initiator of a decree in 167 BCE ordering the full hellenisation of the whole Seleucid Empire, and consequently the forceful prohibition of the Jewish religion and the conversion of the Jerusalem temple into a Hellenistic cultic space.
What did King Antiochus IV want to do?
Antiochus IV was ambitious and wanted to expand both his territory and influence. He was able to make some inroads into Egypt, ruled by the Ptolemies. In 168 B.C.E. he almost succeeded in conquering Egypt but was prevented from doing so as a result of Roman intervention.
When the Roman ruler pampay defeated Seleucid ruler of Syria Antiochus?
The campaigns of 219 BC and 218 BC carried the Seleucid armies almost to the confines of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, but in 217 BC Ptolemy IV defeated Antiochus at the Battle of Raphia.
What was the persecution of Antiochus?
The persecution of the Jews by Antiochus Epiphanes marks a watershed in Jewish history. The targeting of cult and culture by a Hellenistic ruler crystalized an ethos of resistance that manifested itself in martyrdom and rebellion.
What happens to Antiochus?
Meanwhile in Tyre, Helicanus reveals that Antiochus and his daughter have been burnt to death by fire from heaven, so Pericles can return.
What were the edicts of Antiochus IV?
His edict (1 Mc 1.43–53) that all peoples within his kingdom must be one in law, custom, and religion brought his relationship with the Jews to the worst possible climax, that of general persecution. Antiochus decreed the sternest measures against the Sabbath observance, circumcision, and food laws (1 Mc 1.48, 51).
What did the Seleucid ruler Antiochus Epiphanes do that inspired the Maccabees to revolt quizlet?
What did the Seleucid ruler Antiochus Epiphanes do that inspired the Maccabees to revolt? Antiochus Epiphanes tried to obliterate the Jewish faith from existence and desecrated the Jewish temple.
Who defeated King Antiochus?
With the remainder of his troops Antiochus fled to Chalcis on Euboea and from there by sea to Ephesus; his fleet was wiped out by the combined naval forces of Rome, Rhodes, and Pergamum. Meeting no resistance, the Roman army crossed the Hellespont in 190.
- Why do ancient Jewish sources increasingly downplay Rome’s role in Jerusalem’s destruction?
- What happened to the stuff stolen from the Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans?
- Is Josephus’ account for the length of the Jewish War generally accepted as correct?
- What were the dimensions of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem?
- Was the Jewish population expelled from the Jerusalem after the siege of 70 AD or after the Bar Kokhba revolt?
- Is the Western Wall the only remaining portion of the Second Temple?
- Kingdom of Judah under Babylonian rule